This course will provide the participant with the didactic material for selected biophysical agent modalities and therapeutic exercises used in canine physical rehabilitation.


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Biophysical Agent Modalities and Therapeutic Exercises (CCAT II – ONLINE) course will provide the participant with the didactic material for selected biophysical agent modalities used in canine physical rehabilitation. Superficial heating and cooling agents, therapeutic ultrasound, extracorporeal shockwave treatment, PEMF, laser therapy, and electrical stimulation will be covered as well as theoretical clinical applications with cases.

This course also provides the participant with the necessary skills to prescribe and provide therapeutic exercise programs. Benefits and risks associated with therapeutic exercise programs will be covered along with outcome assessment of exercise programs.  Topics covered include joint biomechanics, exercise physiology, range of motion and stretching, gait training, strengthening exercises, balance and proprioceptive exercises, aquatic exercises, and exercises for wellness/prevention. Outcome measures (goniometry, circumferential measurements, etc.) will also be covered in the Biophysical Agent Modalities and Therapeutic Exercises – (CCAT II – Online) course.

ONLINE LECTURE ONLY – Must be completed prior to attending labs.

Course Details


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Course Length



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Completion of CCAT I online course, and participant must be a Veterinarian, Veterinary Technician, Physical Therapist, Physical Therapist Assistant, Occupational Therapist or an actively enrolled student in one of these fields.

PLEASE NOTE:  Online lectures for CCAT I and CCAT II must be completed before you attend LABS.


Part I:  Fundamental Science of Rehabilitation

Section 1 – Tissue Healing
Section 2 – Responses of Muskeloskeletal Tissues to Disuse and Remobilization and Training Effects
Section 3 – Pain and the Rehab Patient

Part II:  Modalities

Section 1 – Introduction Fundamentals
Section 2 – Therapeutic Ultrasound
Section 3 – Electrotherapy
Section 4 – Photobiomodulation (Laser Therapy)
Section 5 – Extracorporeal Shockwave Treatment
Section 6 – Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) Therapy
Section 7 – Other Technologies
Section 8 – Combination Therapy of Modalities

Part III:  Manual Techniques

Section 1 – Passive Range of Motion
Section 2 – Stretching
Section 3 – Diagnostic Palpation
Section 4 – Massage
Section 5 – Dry Needling
Section 6 – Joint Mobilization

Part IV:  Therapeutic Exercises

Section 1 – Principles of Exercise Physiology/Conditioning
Section 2 – Biomechanics of Exercise
Section 3 – Therapeutic Exercises for Proprioception and Balance
Section 4 – Therapeutic Exercises for Strengthening
Section 5 – Exercises Specific to Certain Joints, Muscle Groups and Neurological Conditions
Section 6 – Principles of Aquatic Exercise
Section 7 – Phases of Exercise Transition:  When to Add/Increase and When to Delete or Reduce Certain Exercises
Section 8 – Safety, Precautions, and Infection Control

Part V:  Comprehensive Rehabilitation and Outcome Assessment
Section 1 – Principles: Why do we Measure and Assess
Section 2 – Gait Assessment
Section 3 – Standing Exam
Section 4 – Recumbent Exam
Section 5 – Joint Motion-Goniometry
Section 6 – Muscle Mass

Part VI:  Anatomy Review

Learning Objectives

After successful completion of this course, the participant should be able to:

  • Describe the differences in acute and chronic inflammation and the proper signs of each.
  • Understand the basic regulatory issues involved with canine rehabilitation.
  • Demonstrate proper understanding of the general guidelines when using physical agents as modalities.
  • Understand the principles of heat as therapeutic agent including its biological effects.
  • Understand the principles of cold as therapeutic agent including its biological effects.
  • Describe the typical parameters used in therapeutic ultrasound in small animal practice.
  • Describe safe technique in preparing and applying ultrasound on dogs and understand both the thermal
    and non-thermal effects of ultrasound.
  • Understand the basic principles of electrical stimulation including parameters, electrodes, motor stimulation,
    sensory stimulation, and edema reduction.
  • Understand the basic principles of laser therapy in veterinary practice and demonstrate proper knowledge
    of parameters for indicated pathologies.
  • Understand the basic principles of extracorporeal shockwave therapy in veterinary practice and demonstrate
    proper knowledge of parameters for indicated pathologies.
  • Describe techniques of massage in small animal practice including its benefits, effects and general
  • Acquire skills in various exercise techniques and their effects on the body including treadmilling, stairs and
    inclines, cavaletti rails, dancing, wheel barrowing, etc.
  • Prescribe and provide therapeutic exercise programs for dogs to improve range of motion, strength,
    balance, endurance, and improved function.
  • Understand the principles of proprioception and demonstrate useful proprioceptive exercises during
    canine rehabilitation.
  • Describe various outcome measures used for the assessment of rehabilitation programs.
  • Develop basic skills in understanding joint function and demonstrate proper technique with goniometry.
  • Describe the benefits and physical properties of water and understand the practical use of aquatic therapy
    in rehabilitation
  • Demonstrate an understanding of how to safely progress a dog in a rehabilitation program.
  • Develop a basic understanding of joint mobilizations along with normal and abnormal end feels.
  • Understand the normal and abnormal characteristics of canine gait and be able to describe each joint relative to different parts of a gait cycle.
  • Describe the basic principles of splinting techniques for dogs



AAVSB RACE CE Hours – Program Number (pending)

  • Veterinarians: 22.50
  • Veterinary Technicians: 22.50

Additional Info

  • Certificates of Attendance can be printed once testing is completed with a passing grade.  You can then print your certificate from home.
  • Northeast Seminars is recognized by the RACE to offer continuing education for Veterinarians and Veterinary Technicians.

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